Career & Technical Education Glossary





    ACT assessment is a five-hour national college admissions test which includes five sections: writing, science, math, reading and English. Most colleges will accept a student’s ACT scores as a part of the admissions evaluation. Eleventh grade students are required by the state to take this assessment which is administered in each high school.


    Advanced Placement. Advanced Placement courses are designed by the College Board. In May, students take a test for each AP course in which they are enrolled; students who achieve a certain score may, if their college accepts the AP credit, receive college credit. There is a separate fee required for each AP test taken by the student. AP exam fee waivers are available at each high school. See the Advanced Placement Courses section on page 22 for more information.

    Articulation Credit

    Several Career and Technical Education courses which are offered at each of the high schools can be used for credit when a student attends a community college. The community college will give automatic credit to the student if he/she has earned a B in the course and a raw score of 90% or above on the state end of course test. 

    Career Clusters

    Career Clusters™ are broad groupings of occupations/career specialties, organized by common knowledge and skills required for career success. There are 16 Career Clusters™ and 79 related pathways (sub-groupings of occupations/career specialties). Supported by Carl D. Perkins 2006 legislation, Career Clusters™ is an organizing tool for curriculum design, school guidance, and a framework for a seamless transition to career and college.

    Career Clusters™ link what students learn in school with the knowledge and skills needed for success in career and college. They identify programs of study that connect the secondary school with two- and four-year colleges, graduate school, and the workplace so students can link what they learn in school and what they can do in the future.

    Career Pathways

    Series of academic, technological and career- focused coursework and other educational experiences leading to a career specialty, college major and employment in a career field. 

    Career Pathway Concentrator

    A student who has successfully completed a Concentrator Course in an approved Career Pathway. 

    Career Pathway Concentrator Course

    A second or third level course in the Career Pathway that builds upon technical skills acquired in a prerequisite course.  


    Career Development Coordinator. Provides career development services for students. These services include: Identifying CTE Concentrators, Assisting with resumes, job applications, job fairs, internships, Working with CCP students, Obtaining Guest Speakers/Mentors such as Business, Post-Secondary Institutions, Military


    The abbreviation for Career and College Promise. North Carolina’s Career and College Promise provides a pathway for high school students to begin their college work during high school. There are specific course pathways and restrictions to help guide students toward career and educational goals and it clarifies which students are eligible and best positioned to be successful in college coursework while in high school. Tuition is free, but other fees may apply. 

    Carl D. Perkins Vocational-Technical Education Act of 2006

    Federal legislation, first authorized in 1984, to define vocational-technical (career-technical) education. Perkins provides individuals with the academic and technical skills needed to succeed in a knowledge- and skills-based economy. 


    Verification of qualifications, competence and/or authority of an individual to perform at levels of proficiency established by a third party. Career-technical education credentials primarily reflect education and industry licenses, education and industry certificates and postsecondary degrees.


    Curriculum & Instruction Management Coordinator provides support to the CTE Directors, CTE Teachers, and Career Development Coordinators.


    Career & Technical Education


    Career & Technical Student Organization


    CTSO for Marketing Education students (Association of Marketing Students)

    Dual Enrollment

    When a high school student takes a credit-bearing postsecondary course, be it on a college campus, within a high school taught by college faculty or a high school teacher who qualifies as a college adjunct, or online through distance education.


    CTSO for Business Education students  (Future Business Leaders of America)


    CTSO for Agriculture Education students (Future Farmers of America)


    Certain courses are designated as honors courses because of the challenging nature of the curriculum. These courses receive one additional quality point, or 0.5 quality points for the 2015-16 ninth grade class, in the weighted grading system that is used to compute GPA.


    CTSO for Health Sciences Education (Health Occupations Students of America)


    An experience that allows students to work in a professional environment to gain training and skills. Internships may be paid or unpaid and can be of varying lengths during or after the academic year.

    Job Shadowing

    A career exploration activity that provides an opportunity to spend time with a professional currently working in a specific career field, occupation or area of interest. It allows a student to see and participate in what it is actually like to work in a specific job by observing day-to-day activities of someone in the current workforce, to ask questions, and gain occupational knowledge


    Local Education Agency


    (North Carolina Standard Course of Study)

    The North Carolina Standard Course of Study is a publication produced by the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction.  This document specifies a set of standard guidelines and requirements for each course taught in the public schools of North Carolina.


    (North Carolina Virtual Public School)

    NCVPS offers high school courses that are taken over the Internet or through correspondence from other high schools across the nation.  Virtual High School courses are courses that require strong independent, self-motivated students. See your counselor for enrollment procedures.


    National Technical Honor Society - This honor is awarded to students who are actively

     involved in a CTE student organization, have demonstrated academic success through their mastery of  CTE courses, while also maintaining a commendable overall GPA. 


    The abbreviation for Occupational Course of Study


    Project Lead the Way - With its focus on high-level mathematics, science and technology, PLTW is a framework for the development of schools of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM). Participating teachers and schools must give PLTW course exams


    This term means “after the completion of high school”.  It typically refers to any education a person receives beyond or after high school, including four-year colleges and universities and community colleges.


    A prerequisite is a required course that is to be completed before a student can take the course in question.


    CTSO for Trade and Industrial Education students

    VEX Robotics

    CTSO for Technology, Engineering, & Design students


    Work Based Learning - A coordinated, coherent sequence of experiences featuring partnerships with local business and industry.


    The ACT WorkKeys® Assessment measures foundational skills required for success in the workplace, and help measure the workplace skills that can affect job performance.North Carolina Department of Public Instruction requires all seniors who have a CTE concentration to take this exam. The exam evaluates students in three areas: Applied Math, Graphic Literacy and Workplace Documents.  As a result of this testing, students may earn a NC Career Readiness Certificate. This certification is industry- recognized, portable, and certifies that the student has the essential skills needed for workplace success.